Special Needs Adoption

In the field of adoption, the term “special needs” generally refers to the age and associated challenges of children waiting for adoption.

Although the majority of foster children who can not be reunited with their biological parents are adopted by their foster parents, it is possible to adopt children from the child welfare system who are legally free but are not being adopted by their foster families.

All of these children have special needs. The majority are between the ages of six and eighteen.  Special needs also refers to the psychological, behavioral, developmental and medical problems associated with past environmental and biological causes. These children may be medically fragile infants, or older children who have experienced severe physical or sexual abuse or have been chronically neglected; they may have a family history of mental illness or be affected by their parent’s substance abuse.

In order to be considered as a placement resource for these children, you must have an approved adoption home study, which clearly outlines the type and age range of children you are best suited to adopt.